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Travel Immunizations

Travel Immunizations in Los Angeles

Before you go anywhere, you should check out the local health risks and get immunizations. You should get a fairly complete list of infectious diseases and recommended prevention, including immunization especially if you are traveling to developing countries.

When you call to set up an appointment for your travel immunizations you should have a list of the countries you are traveling to, so the we can make specific recommendations to you. If you want to come in prepared, you can check out the clickable destination health map from the Center for Disease Control (CDC), which – once you choose your travel destination, will show you which travel vaccinations are recommended.

Two of the most commonly required travel vaccinations are:

YELLOW FEVER

What is yellow fever?

Yellow Fever is a severe infectious disease. Symptoms can include jaundice, hemorrhages, and albumin in the urine. Yellow Fever is transmitted by Yellow Fever-infected mosquitos and primarily ails people in South America and Africa. Yellow fever can not be taken lightly. It’s symptoms can be fatal. 20 to 50 percent of people who get jaundice will die from it.

What is the Yellow Fever Vaccine?

The Yellow Fever vaccine is an live-virus vaccine that is injected. It is almost 100% effective in preventing an infection from a yellow fever-infected mosquito.

Who should get a Yellow Fever Vaccine?

The Yellow Fever vaccine is recommended for everyone 9 months or older who is living in or traveling to areas where there is a possibility that they can get yellow fever. For certain countries, it is actually required by International Health Regulations.

What is the Yellow Fever Vaccine Schedule?

A single dose of the yellow fever vaccine provides protection for at least ten years and may possibly offer life-long immunity. Booster shots should be considered every ten years to protect the traveler and meet international entry requirements.

Possible side effects of the Yellow Fever vaccine

There are few if any side effects to receiving a yellow fever vaccine. However, some patients have experienced a fever or headache, and muscle aches in a period up to two weeks after the vaccination.
In rare cases, encephalitis has developed in very young infants.

Who should not take the Yellow Fever vaccine?

  • Infants younger than 4 months of age.
  • Someone who has had the cholera vaccine within the previous three weeks.

People who should exercise caution regarding the Yellow Fever vaccine

  • Immunocompromised persons, including people with HIV, AIDS, leukemia, lymphoma, generalized malignancy.
  • Pregnant women should not be vaccinated unless traveling to or residing in high-risk areas.

TYPHOID

The World Health Organization states that every year 16 million people get typhoid, with about 600,000 dying from typhoid.

Understanding Typhoid

Typhoid fever is a severe disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (S. Typhi). People get typhoid by ingesting food or water that is contaminated by the feces of infected people.

What are Typhoid symptoms?

Typhoid symptoms include stomach pains, weakness, high fever, headache, loss of appetite, and occasionally a rash. Typhoid may spread to many other parts of the body such as the bones or intestines. Untreated, typhoid kills up to 30% of infected people.

Treatment of Typhoid

Typhoid fever is treated using antibiotics, which has reduced complications and the number of deaths caused by typhoid fever. But, recently the virus has acquired resistance to many of the antibiotics.

Typhoid Vaccination

There is an oral vaccination for typhoid but the more common treatment is vaccination via injection. The injection vaccination is a parenteral capsular polysaccharide vaccine, or a piece of the bacterium.

Who should receive the vaccine?

  • Travelers to places where typhoid fever is common such as the Indian subcontinent, Latin America, Asia, and Africa.
  • People in contact with a typhoid carrier.
  • Laboratory workers who work with S.Typhi

Typhoid Vaccination Schedule

Anyone over the age of 2 years can receive the injection typhoid vaccine. A single shot provides enough protection. It should be administered at least one week before travel. If you remain at risk to typhoid, abooster dose should be given every 2 years.

Effectiveness of the Typhoid vaccine

The efficacy of the vaccine ranges from 50% to 80%, thus it is important to still closely monitor food and drink when traveling in countries where you might be at risk of getting typhoid.

Known side effects of the Typhoid vaccine

There are few adverse reactions caused by the typhoid vaccines licensed in America. The mild reactions include fever, headache and/or soreness around the injection site.